In the midst of this rugged landscape with a great biodiversity, visit the caves of Mira de Aire, Alvados, Santo António and Moeda.
These mountains were first settled back in the Palaeolithic age. You can see prehistoric remains, such as cromlechs and dolmens, as well as traces of the Roman and Muslim civilisations. The Castro de Santa Marta, an interesting Iron Age settlement, is well worth a visit.
Don’t miss a trip to the Donkey Reserve, close to the Caves of Santo António. Here, you can take a donkey ride through the mountains and relive the past.
In the area close to the park are the Moinhos da Pena, one of the largest groups of windmills in Portugal. Some have been converted into tourist accommodation and can well serve as the starting point for a country walk or a bike ride.
In the tiny village of Bairro, you will find the Pedreira do Galinha Palaeontological Deposit, classified as a Natural Monument. Here you will find roughly twenty dinosaur footprints, making this the world’s longest such trail.